Usually Industry 4.0 is quickly defined as the digitalization of industrial processes.
While this is of course right, a more detailed description is necessary in order to understand all consequences of this evolution.
Thus “Industry 4.0” is the digitalization of industrial processes in and around the factory, achieved through the technical integration of intelligent electronic systems (cyber physical) into the production and the logistics, and by using the internet of things (IoT) and Web services for industrial processes.
Up to this point, the two contributing departments are firstly the R&D, which is in charge of the integration of the CPS into the production line, and secondly the Process and Workflow Design Department which must think of ways to increase the efficiency using IoT and Web Services.
But this is not only a technology topic.
Indeed this implementation of CPS, IoT and Web Services also has consequences for the value chain, the company structures as well as for the follow-up services and the work organisation.
This means that the company management has to think about the consequences of this business model, its opportunities and risks, for example how a 3D printer could gradually replace a milling machine.
The Sales and Marketing Department has to think about the consequences on the value chain and the new downstream services that can be offered.
And, last but not least, this evolution also challenges the Human Resources Managers and their teams because the ways of working are changing due to more automation and transformations in the human-system interactions.